Harsh Vardhan showcased India’s clear intent to win the fight against climate change at the inauguration of Indian Pavilion at the 24th meeting of Conference of Parties (COP-24) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which is being held at Katowice, Poland.
“World is at a critical juncture in ongoing battle to save our planet from the threats of global warming and let me assure you that India is truly committed to winning this battle. I feel proud in affirming that India has made great strides in its journey towards climate change adaptation and mitigation. Indian pavilion here reflects our ambitious and bold actions on climate change. This year the theme of India Pavilion is ‘One World One Sun One Grid’ as highlighted by our Prime Minister Narendra Modi during first assembly of the International Solar Alliance on October 2018. PM has ambitious target that 40 per cent of India’s installed power capacity will be from non-fossil fuels by 2030,” said Vardhan.
“India is working hard for achieving 175 GW target for installed Renewable Energy capacity by 2022. The effect of increased use of renewable energy is now visible in India. Resultantly, India stands 4th in wind power 5th in renewable power and 5th in solar power installed. Besides solar and wind power, we are also working on biomass, biofuel and bio-energy. Our aim will always be to leap ahead into the future of energy solutions that make this world a cleaner and greener place. In the last few years India has taken a number of other initiatives. Till date more than 310 million LEDs have been installed countrywide. Around 58 million households are already covered under Ujjwala scheme. Ujjwala scheme will not only contribute to improved health of women and children, but also help on reducing forest degradation. Just in last 2 years India achieved 1% increase in its forest cover whereas in many countries across the globe, it is depleting. More than 0.26 million Electric Vehicles have been sold, with more than 91 million CO2 Reduction (in kg). Apart from this, we have also pledged to get rid of single-use plastic by 2022 across the country,” he added.
In fact, India’s leadership in global climate action has been recognised and Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been bestowed with “Champion of Earth Award” this year by the United Nations for his stewardship in promoting International Solar Alliance and resolve to make India plastic free by 2022. “I believe it is crucial that we find ways to combat climate change not just through modern technologies but with the wisdom of our collective cultural tradition. We are all aware that our Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been providing international leadership for the Climate Change and Global Warming issues. He has reminded the whole world of the need for environmental protection and adopting the climate resilient lifestyles. We alsobelieve that contribution of citizens, sustainable lifestyles and climate justice provides an alternative means to address climate change which must be rigorously pursued,” explained Vardhan.
News Update| 4th December 2018| FinMin releases Discussion Paper entitled “3 Essential “S”s of Climate Finance – Scope, Scale and Speed: A Reflection” on the sidelines of COP 24 in Katowice, Poland
Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, released a Discussion Paper entitled “3 Essential “S”s of Climate Finance – Scope, Scale and Speed: A Reflection” on the sidelines of COP 24 to UNFCCC at Katowice, Poland. The Discussion Paper examines analytically the scope, scale and speed required in climate finance. While the financial requirements ofdeveloping countries run into trillions of Dollars, the commitments made by the developed countries for enhancement and support in relation to climate finance is not clearly translated into reality.
Equally important is the issue of reporting and tracking of climate finance. The Discussion Paper finds serious concerns with the various numbers on climate finance reported by the developed countries. Definitions of climate change finance used in various reports were not consistent with the UNFCCC provisions. Methodologies used were also questionable. This Paper attempts to identify the essential elements, step by step, for a robust and transparent accounting of climate finance flows from developed to developing countries.
Climate change issues have taken centre-stage in the recent times with various scientific reports pointing to the serious effects of climate change and global warming. The urgency for global climate action cannot be overemphasised. While the developing countries like India have been taking many actions against climate change and adapting to its adverse effects best to their own abilities and national circumstances, as mandated in the UNFCCC and its Paris Agreement, the climate actions of developing countries have to be supported by climate finance flows from developed to developing countries. Yet the progress achieved is not quite satisfactory.
The Parties at CoP 24 in Katowice in December, 2018 need to address these important questions on climate finance. While India will continue to play its constructive role at CoP 24 to UNFCCC at Katowice, it is hoped that this Reflection paper will be of utility to stakeholders during deliberations therein.
News Update | 2 January 2018| Cabinet gives ex post facto approval to India’s Approach for COP 24, Katowice, Poland (2-15 December 2018)
The Indian delegation was led by Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. The key focus of meeting was to finalise guidelines for implementation of Paris Agreement in post 2020 period. India’s approach was guided by principles and provisions of UNFCCC and Paris Agreement particularly the principles of Equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capability (CBPR-RC).
India reiterated its commitment to Paris Agreement and highlighted its leadership during the COP-24 by reuniting its promise to implement the Paris Agreement fully in a collective manner. In line with our traditional ethos of protecting environment, Government of India has taken several initiatives to address climate change concerns under the leadership of Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi and these initiatives reflect India’s commitment towards climate action. The push for renewable energy leading to achieving about 74 GW of installed renewable energy capacity including about 24 GW from solar; leading the world in its pursuit of enhanced solar energy capacity through International Solar Alliance; energy efficiency measures arc some of the examples.
It is however important to ensure that the actions of developing countries are supported by sustained and adequate means of implementation including finance, capacity building and technological support by developed countries. The adopted guidance operationalises the obligation of developed countries in providing means of implementation to developing countries and requires developed countries to provide detailed information to bring clarity on projected levels of climate finance. Parties have also agreed to initiate the work on setting up the new collective finance goals post-2020 from the floor of US$ 100 billion.
Overall, India’s long-term interests have been protected. India Has however expressed Us reservation on the Global Stocktake (GST) decision regarding the need for considerations of equity in output of GST process, which is an important part of GST process as per the mandate of Paris Agreement to ensure that vulnerabilities, problems and challenges of the poor and marginalised are addressed.